the problem for those who are critical of the idea of penal substitution. God is not appeased or propitiated. Modalism confounds the persons. Smith, The atonement in the light of history and the modern spirit (London: Hodder and Stoughton. The honour of God is injured by the withdrawal of man's service which he is due to offer." 28 This failure constitutes a debt, weight or doom, for which man must make satisfaction, but which lies beyond his competence; only if a new man can. Additionally, a view of human salvation which defines it in terms of once-and-for-all acquittal has to deal with its relationship to subsequent actions 52 and the lives of those not born at the time of the Paschal Mystery. Furthermore, as humanity's Creator, God is humanity's Master and humanity has nothing of its own with which to compensate for this affront to his honour. Those who believe that Jesus was himself God, in line with the doctrine of the Trinity, believe that God took the punishment upon himself rather than putting it on someone else. Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (E. Among other things, this raises the concern that the incarnation is somehow a grand deception, thus casting doubt on Christ's moral perfection. On account of the flesh of Christs body, His Passion acts by way of satisfaction (inasmuch as by it we are liberated from the debt of punishment by way of redemption (inasmuch as it frees us from the servitude of guilt servitute culpae and.
Atonement in Christianity, wikipedia
Now essay foto Christ made satisfaction, not by giving money or anything of the sort, but by bestowing what was of greatest priceHimselffor. Thus, on his view, God sent Christ to earth so that Christ might willingly offer his own sinless life and death as restitution and penance for the sin of the world. 44 The contemporary argument as to the relationship of human rights to positive law is a modern extension of this. Beilby eds, The Nature of the Atonement: Four Views Downers Grove: IVP, 2006,. He argues that the notion of penal substitution was never contemplated until Augustine, and was never accepted in any form in the East.
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