its neighbours. Painting in fresco, illuminated manuscripts and on wood panel and, especially in earlier periods, mosaic were the main media, and figurative sculpture very rare except for small carved ivories. Washington,.C.: Dumbarton Oaks. The use of the cross, and of images of Christ, the Virgin Mary and various saints is also attested on seals of officials, but these were personal rather than family emblems. 211 212 Greek Fire, an incendiary weapon which could even burn on water is also attributed to the Byzantines. The tetrarchy collapsed, however, in 313 and a few years later Constantine I reunited the two administrative divisions of the Empire as sole Augustus. He associated himself with a co-emperor ( Augustus and each co-emperor then adopted a young colleague given the title of Caesar, to share in their rule and eventually to succeed the senior partner. The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 finally ended the Byzantine Empire.
Field,.V; Wright,.T. Greek East and Latin West divided. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks. After Justinian died in 565, his successor, Justin II, refused to pay the large tribute to the Persians. Don't use "I" statements such as "I think." Likewise, avoid the personal pronouns "you "we "my "your" or "our". A b Mango 2007,. .
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Does each sentence lead smoothly to the next? 5 Choose your language carefully. In 480 with the death of the Western Emperor Julius Nepos, Eastern Emperor Zeno became sole Emperor of the empire. 134 John II, Manuel I and the Second Crusade Main articles: John II Komnenos and Manuel I Komnenos Alexios's son John II Komnenos succeeded him in 1118 and ruled until 1143. Questions can be really effective for an introduction.
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