five negatives in fifty three words. From the time of his wife's death in March 1945 Orwell had maintained a high work rate, producing some 130 literary contributions, many of them lengthy. Bernal in the same magazine, and cites Edmund Wilson 's damnation of the prose of Joseph. Statements like essay on change in college experience Marshal Petain was a true patriot, The Soviet press is the freest in the world, The Catholic Church is opposed to persecution, are almost always made with intent to deceive. One could keep all of them and still write bad English, but one could not write the kind of stuff that I"d in those five specimens at the beginning of this article. The jargon peculiar to Marxist writing ( hyena, hangman, cannibal, petty bourgeois, these gentry, lackey, flunkey, mad dog, White Guard, etc.) consists largely of words translated from Russian, German, or French; but the normal way of coining a new word is to use Latin. When these images clash as in The Fascist octopus has sung its swan song, the jackboot is thrown into the melting pot it can be taken as certain that the writer is not seeing a mental image of the objects he is naming; in other. These notes were contributed by members of the GradeSaver community. Retrieved b Pinsker 1997 Trail, George (1995). Contents, summary edit, orwell relates what he believes to be a close association between bad prose and oppressive ideology: In our time, political speech and writing are largely the defence of the indefensible. In prose, the worst thing one can do with words is surrender to them.
The insincerity of the writer perpetuates the decline of the language as people (particularly politicians, Orwell later notes) attempt to disguise their intentions behind euphemisms and convoluted phrasing. For example, toe the line is sometimes written as tow the line. When the Voice of Britain is heard at nine o'clock, better far and infinitely less ludicrous to hear aitches honestly dropped than the present priggish, inflated, inhibited, school-ma'amish arch braying of blameless bashful mewing maidens! In addition, the passive voice is wherever possible used in preference to the active, and noun constructions are used instead of gerunds ( by examination of instead of by examining ). It is at this point that the special connection between politics and the debasement of language becomes clear. (see cliches, prolixity, peacock terms and weasel words ).
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